71% of our Earth is covered by oceans. 96.5% of all the Earth’s water is from the ocean. This is why we all need to do our part to save the oceans. Water pollution comes from many different sources, but the majority of the pollution is from land. Types of pollution include:
Surface water pollution.
Chemical Water Pollution.
Marine debris is harming a lot of factors in all life forms. There is garbage and plastics that are covering our seas worldwide. The creatures in the waters are getting entangled or trapped in plastic and they may think this trash is food for them to eat, but in reality, it is harming them. Not only does debris effect animals, it also effects humans. The food we eat from the sea could be contaminated because the sea life can accumulate toxic components from the pollution.
Did you know that over 100,000 ocean mammals are killed by pollution? It was also discovered that 1 million Seabirds are killed every year as well. Did you know that the majority of plastic found in the ocean never goes away? The plastic will disintegrate or break down into smaller pieces, but it is never fully gone. Pollution effects over 800 different species and that number is growing!
- 18 BILLION pounds of plastic ends up in the ocean every year.
- 80% of the garbage hurting the animals is plastic.
- There are about 500 dead zones in the ocean. This means the pollution got so bad, it made it impossible for marine life to live in these "dead zones."
- Over 100,000 marine animals die from pollution.
- Approximately, every minute, one truck load of plastic is dumped into the ocean.
- Plastic takes 400 years to decompose, Styrofoam takes 80 years, and aluminum takes 200 years to decompose.
- There is enough plastic to circle the entire Earth FOUR HUNDRED TIMES.
What can we do?
Some things we can do to to help our oceans is to reduce energy usage, maybe switch to compact LED light bulbs, don't set your AC to low or high, don't use your car as often, you could bike somewhere if it's close to you. A big help to the ocean would be to use less plastic, use a reusable water bottle and a straw, bring your own cloth bag to grocery store, use reusable plastics, up-cycle, and and recycle as much as you can. Never littler and help keep the beaches clean. Clean up after yourself and maybe help pick up any other trash you see that is laying on the beach or floating in the ocean. Also, never mess with the marine life on the beaches or in the ocean. Make others aware! Influencing your community can make a big difference. There are many websites that allow you to donate to help clean up services to the ocean.